Overview for the week
This week we will be focusing on division. Just like last week, a strong knowledge of our times tables will really help with division. We recommend that you spend the first 10 minutes of each lesson this week practicing your times tables on TT Rockstars or by using ‘Hit The Button’ (which you’ll find with a simple search on google) – This extra practice will be really useful for the lessons ahead.
It is important to understand the relationship between multiplication and division – they are the inverse or opposite of each other. If you are confident with your times tables, you should be confident with division. Demonstrate examples of this for example:
7 x 5 = 35
35 ÷ 5 = 7
There are a range of division questions for the children to answer, they gradually get harder by using times tables that the children often find trickier.
The children now should feel confident with the relationship between multiplication and division and be able to apply this to simple division questions. Today we are going to be looking at division with remainders. For example:
30 ÷ 4 = ?
We know that 30 isn’t in the 4 times table, we will therefore have a remainder.
Ask the children to count up in their 4 times table so they get as close as they can to 30 without going above it.
4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32
28 is the closest we can get to 30 without being too big.
7 x 4 = 28 – How many left over do we have from 30? 30 – 28 = 2
So the answer to the question 30 ÷ 4 = 7 r 2
You may wish to do a couple of the questions from the sheet together before letting the children have a go independently. Top tip – Writing out the times table you are dividing by will really help.
There are 3 sheets which get harder each time.
Lesson 3 & 4
Today we will looking at the bus stop method – This method is used for dividing larger numbers, numbers that you wouldn’t necessarily count up to in your times tables for example.
We will be doing this over the next two lessons to make sure that the children are completely confident with the method.
The visual demonstrations on My Maths are really useful for this method.
Having worked through this there are then 2 sheets to complete using the bus stop method, again they get harder as you go, moving from dividing by 2 digits to 3 digits.
To complete the week we are just going to introduce an alternate division method – the children can then choose which suits them best. We would recommend not moving on to this until they are confident with the methods from lesson 3 & 4.
This method is called chunking, again there is a very good walk through guide to the method on My Maths.