Referring back to last week’s lesson, why do rivers flood? There are different reasons why rivers flood but generally, a river floods when there is too much water for the river channel to hold. This causes the water in the channel to overflow and cover the nearby land. The banks of the river can burst too. The river channel fills up when there has been excessive amounts of rainfall.
Today we will be studying the flooding that has occurred in 2013-2014 across the UK, focusing on the Somerset levels. Where is Somerset? Can you locate it on a UK map?
Look at the following video clips:
UK severe weather: Somerset and Hull flood victims meet http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-26430252
UK floods: Floodwater ‘up to door knocker’ in Somerset http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-26198182
What happens to a house when the water drains away? http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-26254707
UK floods: Water forces out Somerset residents http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-26147498
Somerset floods crisis: How the story unfolded http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-somerset-26157538
Look at the satellite images below. These are useful to learn more about earth and can be useful in a rescue/emergency operation. Stick the satellite image in the middle of a page and write a short explanation of the difference between the images (before and after).
You will prepare and present a short TV news report explaining the Somerset floods. You can take on the role of: reporter, rescue worker, homeowner etc. It is your choice. You must use all the information gathered in your report.
Look through the presentation and take notes in preparation for the report you will present.
How could such major flooding have been avoided/prevented? Watch this video
Somerset floods: Is dredging a silver bullet? http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-26462852
Explore the differences and similarities between flooding in Bangladesh and UK. Do you think there is a difference between the ways in which countries respond to floods depending on development? Does being less developed cause greater problems when flooding occurs? Why?